With the utility of spirits involves a lot of misconceptions and even myths. How they correspond to reality?
Myth 1. With alcohol, you can quickly warm up
Alcoholic beverages are often called intoxicating. Why? People believe that alcohol has warming effect. And to the frozen man a sip of something good - the best medicine. The fact that cooling helps approximately 50 grams of vodka or brandy. It dilates blood vessels and normalize blood flow to internal organs. Subsequent doses of alcohol increase the blood flow in the skin. She blushes there is a pleasant feeling of warmth. But it is very misleading - in fact in this case the heat transfer is enhanced, and the body begins to cool down even more.
Myth 2. Alcohol increases appetite
Alcohol actually stimulates the appetite. But the appearance of a slight feeling of hunger provoke only hard liquor, and then only small quantity. It is about 20-25 grams of vodka. It affects the center of saturation and activates it. This whole process takes about 15-20 minutes, no less. So drink 'appetite for "eating right before is fundamentally wrong. Because hunger does not appear for a few seconds: it takes a longer time.
Myth 3. Alcohol relieves stress
Often tired people try to cheer yourselfmood with the help of alcohol. But in most cases this is done correctly. After all, drinking should be quite a bit - 20-30 ml of vodka or cognac, or 40 ml of wine or a martini. Such small doses removed internal stress and help relax. What, in general, it corresponds to the concept of "de-stress". Unfortunately, most often used for this purpose much more significant amounts of alcohol. And here the scenario could develop in two ways. First - aggravated by fatigue, decreased mood, there is a kind of depression, which only heightens the sense of internal fatigue. Second - it's alcohol euphoria, which inevitably ends too depressed.
Myth 4. Alcohol increases the efficiency
Many believe that under the influence of alcoholIt worked better than usual. We are not talking about the average, much less of a heavy degree of intoxication, when blunted all the reactions and feelings. This refers to the slight degree, in which activated thought processes. But the feeling is absolutely subjective. It turns out that slightly intoxicated people thought speed and motor responses could actually increase. But these reactions are often wrong. In addition, even small doses of alcohol cause a reduction in concentration and the deterioration of the quality of reasoning.
Myth 5. Alcohol lowers blood pressure
Many hypertensive think that the lower the pressureby using alcohol. He supposedly dilates blood vessels ... This statement There is some truth - small doses of alcohol drinks actually weaken the tone of the vascular wall. But along with this they increase heart rate. A blood pressure depends on blood volume, "ejected" into the bloodstream. How this amount the more the pressure is higher. Therefore, alcohol in no case can not be considered a cure for hypertension. The situation is exacerbated by the fact that many drinks contain biologically active substances. These compounds may themselves influence the blood pressure, and in most cases adversely.
Myth 6. Qualitative alcohol does not harm
Any alcohol has on the body toxicact. This is due to the fact that one of the decomposition products of ethyl alcohol - acetaldehyde. It was he who works in the body the various outrages. But the poor quality alcohol affects the body is even worse. After all, cheap strong drinks do not pass the proper cleansing, they contain fusel oils, which are many times increase the toxic effect of alcohol. The same can be said Beverage domestic production. And like good water was used and organic fruits and berries, but I still get a drink much more harmful than a similar purchase. And all because alcohol is very difficult to clean up at home. Of course, preference should be given to the known and expensive brands, but do not think that they will not affect the health.
Myth 7. Alcohol - a cure for the common cold
Many are being treated for a cold vodka - with apples, withhoney, than anything else. It is believed that such a drug, and the temperature decreases, and stops a runny nose and sore throat decreases. First, the immunity "Fire water" does not in any way street
uchshaet. Second, alcohol is not the best effect on inflamed throat. It starts to hurt after the "treatment" even more. So do not believe in the healing power of vodka. But a small number of pre-warmed red wine can drink. It at least has the ability to stimulate the immune system.
Myth 8. Beer - it's not alcohol
Now many people think that once the beer issoft drinks, it does not cause any harm to health. This catastrophic misleading. In the beer is really not a lot of alcohol. But this does not mean that this drink harmless. It is also an alcohol, and hence highly addictive. No wonder more and more physicians have recently spoken about the so-called beer alcoholism. In addition, the heady drink is very bad for the liver and heart. These organs undergo degeneration and begin to function poorly. Given all this, in no case be treated to beer as a lemonade. You can not absorb it daily liters. Such thoughtlessness is very quick impact on health.
Myth 9. Alcohol is not calorie
Many women have counted all the calories eaten. A drunk calories does not take into account. Meanwhile, alcohol has a very high energy value, and the stronger the drink, the more value it more. The highest rate in the vodka. Last nutritional value has not, calories are introduced only at the expense of alcohol. That is why from them is very difficult to get rid of. A little different is the case with wine. Energy value of the drink partly due to the carbohydrates that are easy to split and burn easily. So wine is not so detrimental effect on appearance. And yet any alcohol is very high in calories. This rule knows no exceptions, so before drinking, you need to think not only about his health, but also about the figure.
Myth 10. It should not drink and snack
Most of us believe that strong beveragesit is imperative to have a snack. And drink them in any case impossible. But this statement is not entirely correct. Here it is necessary to clarify what exactly Snacks are meant - hot or cold. Last weakly neutralized alcohol, he quickly absorbed into the bloodstream. The same thing happens when a person drinks some alcohol. So, in that sense, juices, fruit drinks, fruit drinks can be put on an equal footing with fruit and vegetable salads. Quite different is the case with the hot and greasy dishes, such as soups or stews. Those inhibit the absorption of ethanol reduces the severity of intoxication and therefore are considered the best snacks. is unmatched by any "zapivka" with them.