It has long been considered a special tattoosymbol distinguishing its owner among others. And today by tattooing a person expresses their individuality, demonstrates a particular way of thinking and gives their appearance unusual appearance.
Among other things, the tattoo is used forbody jewelry, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of hiding. Today the popularity of this art form is gaining momentum with each passing year, thanks to the variety of styles and everyone can find for himself something of their own - a symbol that reflects his inner world.
So what are the types of tattoos and what theirdifferences? The long history of body art cosmetic modifications formed many directions and sub-species, among which is quite separate styles can be identified today.
Old-School or old school
A distinctive feature of the style are cleardense monochrome contours and rich shading pattern. The relative simplicity of the composition, as a rule, carried some meaning. Not having, in fact, no artistic value, today this style is valued only because of historical reasons, because the old-school is the ancestor of the European tattoos. The first, which began to adorn themselves in this way, were sailors who traveled to exotic islands and countries in the 18-19 century. They borrowed the basic principles Tattoo in Polynesia, where the men and women decided to cover most of the patterned surface of the body. Stuffing for yourself images of anchors, favorite girls and marine animals, the sailors believed that the tattoo became a protective talisman against the dangers on the road and help to get home safe and sound.
The most popular images of the old-school style are mermaids, sails, anchor, ship cannons, swallows, dolphins, heart.
Traditional or conventional
Traditional tattoo can be considered the brainchildold-school, as there is virtually no difference in performance. The reason that this type of tattoo has become a separate direction, is the meaning, which carried pictures. Thus, in the old-school dominated by a nautical theme, while the traditional does not put restrictions on the choice of images.
The traditional style appeared in the early 20th century,when the "sea" tattoo quickly spread to other sectors of society. The main social groups, came under the influence of this art were circus artists, rebels and prisoners.
Until recently it was the tribalpopular tattoo style. This abstract composition, composed of straight lines of varying thickness and sharp at the end. Typically, this monochrome black figure, at least - color or white. Line patterns are formed in a special way, symbolizing various objects, animals, plants, and other mythological creatures.
History tribal style also originates fromPolynesian islands, where often there were European sailors and borrowed the unusual art of local residents. By the way, the word tattoo (tatau), too, has come to us from Polynesia. The sound of it was like the effect of a special tool, which locals applied to the body of drawings.
In 1982 he began a "mass hysteria" afterhow the light appeared the first issue of the magazine TATTOOTIME called «New tribalizm» ( «The new tribalism"), which were detailed in a traditional Polynesian tattoos.
The popularity of tribal-style was conditioned by the fact that with flowery patterns could complement any tattoo or block boring old drawing - make cover-up.
The peak of the popularity of this style came in the early years of the 21st century, but after just a couple of years, replaced the tribal wave of brand new and original styles.
Seltic (celtic style)
Like tribal, Celtic style is one of thethe most famous and recognizable lines of tattoo art. However, unlike the above-mentioned style, it has quite different origins. Celtic style, as the direction of the fine arts, was known throughout Europe for a long time. Experts believe that its creators were Sarmatians, Scythians and Celts, but with a celtic style changed and supplemented over time. Thus, it is possible to see the ancient Roman motifs that appeared in the process of assimilation of cultures and the features of Byzantine art and Russian tie.
The complexity and incredible ornateness Celticmotives due to the fact that the ancient masters tried to convey the versatility and diversity of nature - natural phenomena, plants, animals, and the changing seasons.
Celtic designs are so complex that it is sometimes difficult to understand what they depict, but nevertheless each picture carries a deeper meaning:
- Beskonechnik (pattern without beginning or end) - symbolizes the continuity of the life cycle, the close relationship of all things, the endless struggle of life and death.
- Node - a symbol of the close connection between the soul and the body, a place where the sky is crossed with the ground.
- Labyrinth - a long and convoluted path in life.
- Spiral - a permanent spiritual development.
It is worth to mention even one important way of Celtic - birds. People since ancient times endowed with supernatural qualities of birds and saw them as messengers of heaven.
- Raven - helps to comprehend the mystery of predicting the future.
- Dove - a symbol of spiritual purity and chaste love.
- Pheasant - promotes foresight.
- Partridge - gives the cunning owner.
- Duck - a symbol that connects heaven and earth.
Celtic tattoos, just as tribal,can serve as an excellent complement to the already existing tattoos or cover the old pattern. Thanks to the art of contemporary artists now have the opportunity to give volume and pattern to achieve a unique effect.
Iredzumi or Japanese style
The dominant motifs of Japanese tattoos - ancient tales, the protagonists of which are fearless samurai, fierce and wise dragons, golden carp.
healingandbodywork noted that the hallmark of the style is the large size of tattoo, which can sometimes occupy the entire surface of the body, leaving only a blank face, center of the chest and abdomen.
The basic rules of composition has been formed in the middle. 19th century, but the modern masters still always follow the traditions of the old times:
- large number of small motifs that fill the void between the base image;
- leading figurative motifs;
- clear decorative border around the motives;
- intense pigment saturation and contrast;
- Take account of the anatomical features of the body during tattooing (muscle building effect during movement / voltage);
- "Writing" nipples and navel into the overall picture (dragon eye, heart flowers, etc.).
Subjects of the Japanese style is divided into 4 main groups:
- Flora - vegetable images:
- Chrysanthemum - determination, perseverance;
- Peony - success, wealth;
- Sakura - the transience and fragility of life;
- Maple Leaf - passion, love.
- Dragon - strength, power, unity of opposites (fire and water);
- Tiger - fearlessness, courage;
- carp - steadfastness, courage.
Japan is by far one of themost developed countries, but in spite of technological progress, the majority of Japanese masters adhere to traditional methods of tattooing - with special bamboo sticks with needles. They believe that the use of modern tattoo machines does not give the desired effect and undermines the prestige of a true master.
Application of the traditional tattoos - ittime-consuming process for masters and difficult challenge for the client. Bamboo sticks with a bunch of needles ( "hari") made from 90 to 120 punctures per minute, while modern cars are entered pigment under the skin at a rate up to 150 beats per second! Working on a large composition may be delayed for weeks or even months, because real art does not tolerate haste.
One of the newest styles, the appearance of which is caused by the increased ability of masters. The incredible complexity of execution allows to get a tattoo, indistinguishable from photographs.
Style does not set any color or shaped restrictions. The only condition - the photographic image accuracy.
Dot-work (point style)
Style with a unique technique -dot drawing figure. In fact, the composition is made up of individual points, the frequency of which determines the shade, fullness and volume image. Classical style palette dot-Work - red and black.
The style originated in Tibet, Africa and India, where it is now practiced traditional tattoo.
Recent work in the point style is incredibly diverse and attractive because they are suitable for both men and women.
Today, the tattoo on the body is no longer aa sign of a troubled past, while a few years ago, tattooed people caused distrust and fear of the "civilian population". Nowadays you can afford the pleasure of being so beautiful and if you like, a saturated man, how do you feel.