Today, braces are unlikely someone could surprise. Although they are used in dental practice, only a little more than 40 years. It is believed that the first braces came up at the beginning of the last century, the American orthodontist named Edward Engel. Naturally, the very first braces were significantly different from the modern products for the convenience and aesthetics.
Thus, their main development began afterIt was invented thermo nickel-titanium alloy. It is because of this unique alloy steel to make arch braces. Also, nickel-titanium alloy is enabled to correct teeth faster.
How do braces?
Generally braces are removableorthodontic device. This device is typically attached to the inner or outer surface of teeth. Each bracket has its own individual program, according to which is determined by the direction in which the tooth will improve. Each bracket is attached to the orotodonticheskoy arc. It is this arc is the main source of strength, which allows to move the necessary teeth using braces. In addition to this arc, special efforts are orthodontic rings, metal springs, buccal locks, elastic chains.
Classic braces are arranged as follows: orthopedic arch with metal or elastic ligatures to tie braces. Among orthodontists, this process is known as doping. Today's braces are made somewhat differently. Thus, in particular popular samoligiruyuyuschiesya bezligiaturnye or braces. In the last ligation in which brackets fastened to the arc replaced locking element that is already integrated into the design of the padlock. However, the effectiveness of treatment with the help of braces depends more on the professional orthodontist. The type of treatment depends on the effectiveness of braces is less.
Many people think that teeth are mounted in the jawtightly. Although, if this were so, the brackets would simply not work. When orthodontic treatment teeth have the ability to move. Thus, each tooth is, in its hole, and when the wall is directed tooth small wells, but prolonged pressure begins to dissolve the hole to provide a space for tooth movement. On the other hand, where the stretched fibers of connective tissue, bone is formed, which tooth backs. That is why the tooth can not return to their original location. This property is preserved in humans throughout life.
For each case typically selectedtheir types of braces. In order to choose the right braces, you need to take into account such factors as the type of malocclusion, the need for surgery, the need to remove the extra teeth, the seriousness of malocclusion, who will carry out the treatment, how much a person is able to pay for braces, for what period of time is necessary to spend treatment and also takes into account the desire of the man himself.
Today, there are six types of braces - a metal, ceramic, sapphire, lingual, titanium and Invisalign.
The most popular types of braces, perhaps,They are metal braces. These braces are valued primarily for their reliability, availability and functionality. These types of braces are suitable for both children and adults and adolescents. Most people with color options generally preferred.
The main advantages of these braces is thatthey are very strong, they are very difficult to break. At the same time they are quite cheap. In addition, dark ligatures, which are used with metallic staples is not stained and do not change the color of teeth. With such braces duration of treatment is usually less. At the same time they do not cause severe pain.
As for cons, then the first place tosay that these braces look unsightly and they are pretty uncomfortable from the start. In addition, these braces irritate the gums and can even cause sores.
Ceramic braces are made ofhigh-tech glass and therefore is also quite strong. They are good because they are almost invisible to others. In general, with regard to the advantages of this type of braces, then, first of all, I must say that compared to metal braces, they have more aesthetic appearance and is much less noticeable. In addition, ceramic brackets are more convenient.
Of the minuses should be noted that the ligaturepainted and look at this bad. Nevertheless, they change monthly. In addition, these braces are much more expensive than metal braces. At the same time when using the treatment duration may be longer than with metal braces. In addition, ceramic braces are much more than a metal and a serious violation of bite, these brackets can not be used.
Sapphire braces are usually made ofsapphire, which were grown by artificial means. These braces are strong enough and have high efficiency. Furthermore, sapphire is transparent structure and therefore almost negligible. However, they usually do not stain from food. Among the few drawbacks is worth noting that these braces are quite expensive. In addition, sapphire brackets need to periodically conduct a thorough oral hygiene.
Sapphire braces are suitable for people whothere are serious problems with the bite. Therefore, they are not suitable for people who have severe malocclusion. These braces are made of durable plastic of some form that each patient is usually selected individually. Sapphire braces do not cause irritation of the gums and do not stain.
Lingual braces are good thatmounted on the inside of the teeth. And so they are generally invisible, but it is obvious that these braces are much more difficult to establish. Moreover, such systems are rather complicated to maintain. Staples for these braces are usually made of metal. To get used to them, usually it takes three to seven days. Also, I must say that from the beginning they interfere with normal speech, because of what the language can get sick within two to three weeks. In this course of treatment is usually larger than with conventional braces. If the patient is short front lower teeth, they can not be used. Furthermore, they are used when there are serious problems with the bite. In addition, the braces for the treatment of such patients should be engaged specially trained orthodontist.
Some people are allergic to nickel, soBraces them from traditional materials do not have to manufacture and suitable braces made of other materials, such as titanium. This material is very durable and lightweight. Titanium braces are similar to metal, but much more expensive. MirSovetov notes that it is manufactured from titanium dental implants many.
These braces longitudinally look aesthetically pleasing. Compared with conventional braces them much easier to care for. They are usually removed before drinking, food intake, and during brushing. Compared catheters with fixed, they cause much less pain. Besides, such braces spot never appear. When using this type of braces, conducted computerized plan treatment. And even compiled a forecast of the future results. Due to the fact that these braces are removed, they are not permanently straighten teeth as other species. In general, these braces are recommended to be worn 20-22 hours a day, but in reality it all depends on the patient's habits.