Acne is a problem thatrelevant to many teenagers. Sometimes it even affects people in middle age. This disease is peculiar to the presence of an inflammatory process, damaging the epidermal and dermal layers of the skin. As a result, on the skin formed some changes, which are sometimes very disfigured man.
Postacne called secondary persistent skin changes that occur most often after a long acne, especially in cases where the treatment was carried out correctly.
To prevent the development of severe forms of acnedisease, healingandbodywork strongly recommends early treatment. It is said that even the acne mild to moderate forms with prolonged duration may lead to the appearance of post-acne. The fact that due to the long course of the disease is reduced possibility of skin resilience.
Appearances are often associated with post-acneincorrect treatment or no treatment. Therefore, to prevent the formation of such changes, in particular, it requires proper and timely treatment of acne. If combined with post-acne inflammatory acne, the treatment in this case is usually a time-consuming and complicated.
The main reasons that provoke the emergence ofsuch formations are different types of deep lesions of the skin, long acne, as well as improper or late treatment. In addition, the reason for forming the pathology may be independent attempt remove blackheads, which causes damage to the skin.
There are several forms of post-acne, one ofwhich is an extension of the skin pores. The disease can also manifest itself in the form of scars formed due to damage to the skin when attempting kamedonov opening, as a result of mechanical peeling and as a result of inflammatory processes. In addition, post-acne can manifest itself in the form of discoloration of affected skin areas. Such a change is called dyschromia. It also forms of the disease include a variety of vascular changes, in particular, dilated capillaries, redness and spots that appear due to violations of the microcirculation in the tissues.
Persistent redness and pigmentation usually occur due to damage to the epidermal layer. The most frequent complications of acne are the first three forms of post-acne.
Any long-term effects of acneusually very resistant and therefore to remove them is very difficult. In order to be effective post-acne treatment, you must start it in a timely manner. Also important daily beauty treatments. Complex skin care, as a rule, chosen individually, but should take into account the degree and nature of the violations, skin type and its characteristics.
During treatment of a pathology to be consideredconcomitant diseases, the possibility of the body's recovery and the likelihood of tissue scarring. As is known, the state of our skin is directly related to the work of the internal organs.
Getting rid of the manifestations of post-acne givesthe ability to make the skin aesthetic appeal, a fresh and healthy appearance. For the treatment of post-acne drugs and various techniques are used today. Consider a little more of each form of treatment of the disease.
If post-acne is in the form of enlarged pores, then thisthe problem can be solved by drugs that reduce the activity of sebaceous glands. Such means is retinol and retinoic acid. And the effect of retinol more gentle than retinoic acid. Retinol is able to reduce the thickness of the stratum corneum and reduce sebaceous glands. Treatment is quite effective, but usually sufficiently long. It may take from a couple of months to a year.
At the beginning of extended good efficiencyIt shows the chemical peel with 15-30% acid content. This procedure should be used once a week or two. Noticeable results can be noticeable within 6-8 weeks. When using this procedure should also take a break for a couple of weeks, and only then you can start it again.
Excessive skin actinic
post-acne treatment also helps to eliminateexcessive development of the stratum corneum. To do this more often used drugs with fruit acids. Under the influence of these funds horny layer of the skin decreases noticeably, older cells become smaller, eliminates blockages mouths. Under the influence of the sebaceous glands of fruit acids are reduced and ducts cleaned. These drugs can be used even in the home.
The effect of daily wiping can givea significant positive effect in a couple of months. To avoid irritation, it is advisable to use fruit acids of natural origin. Use gidrokisloty is not longer than 4-5 months. To prevent habituation is necessary to take a break during a few months of treatment, and only thereafter to continue the therapy.
For the treatment of post-acne in the form of persistent rednessuse methods that are based on vasodilators. In particular, to improve the circulation of the upper layers of the skin are based preparations camphor, Ichthammol, menthol, nicotinic acid and isopropyl alcohol. Under the influence of such medicinal agents skin capillaries are narrowed and become less elastic, causing inflammation disappears.
Anti-inflammatory and vasodilatingprocedures show good effects when used in conjunction with superficial peeling agents and Alpha-ascorbic acid. With the help of chemical peels can be activated skin mirkotsirkulyatsiyu and ascorbic acid strengthens blood vessels and helps to get rid of pigmentation. As a result, the appearance and condition of the skin improves.
Stagnant and age spots, uneven terrainthe skin can be corrected with the help of hardware physiotherapy equipment. In particular, using methods such as darsonvalization, iontophoresis, cryotherapy, light therapy and vacuum massage. To stimulate the metabolic processes in tissues such treatments are applied as compresses, infrared and termomaski.
The most difficult to treat scarschanges in skin. The appearance of such skin defects can be avoided if the time were treated inflammation of the sebaceous glands. Just keep in mind that today none of the treatments does not guarantee the full disposal of scarring. Most often, the maximum that can be done is to minimize the appearance of scars and make them inconspicuous. Treatment in any case, must be carried out under the supervision of a dermatologist, as well as experts in the field of aesthetic surgery and cosmetology. This treatment has a number of contraindications. So, it can not be carried out at the stage of active acne, skin diseases and acute inflammatory process. In each case, the doctor usually chooses treatment method individually. It is usually taken into account the severity of scarring.
For the treatment of scars are used today, suchmethods such as the median (ie TCA) and deep peels, laser skin resurfacing, transplantation of adipose tissue, collagen injections, dermabrasion and various surgical techniques. Meaning peeling is to remove the stratum corneum using chemicals. The upper stratum corneum is dissolved and peeled. scar depth decreases due to the formation of collagen. With the help of laser resurfacing and laser peeling the scar is removed layer by layer.